【Arhats & Bodhidharma Category】Bodhidharma
✔️畫作類型：羅漢達摩類別 Arhats & Bodhidharma Category
達摩為東土禪宗開山祖師。他是南天竺香至王的第三子，出家後從般若多羅大師，南朝期間自印度搭船航海來到廣州、北行至北魏，教導禪法、直指人心、見性成佛，不立文字、教外別傳。於東魏天平三年（536年）受人迫害、中毒身亡，葬於熊耳山（今河南宜陽縣），起塔于定林寺。但在《景德傳燈錄》中記載達摩為假死，爾後欲西返天竺。據傳他死後三年，魏國使者曾於蔥嶺遇到他，見他手攜一隻草履，向天竺歸去。畫面中的達摩，便是表現欲歸天竺的形貌。Bodhidharma was the founder of Chinese Zen Buddhism. He was the third son of a great Indian king. He learned from Master after he became a monk. He arrived at Guanzhou from India by boat during the Northern and Southern dynasties and then he traveled north to Northern Wei. Bodhidharma's teachings and practice centered on meditation and zen. He did not write text and did not teach outside of class. Bodhidharma was later persecuted during Eastern Wei dynasty (536) and died from intoxication. He was buried in Mount Xion'er (now Yiyang County, Henan). But "Transmission of the Lamp" stated that Bodhidharma faked his death and came back to India. It is said that a messenger from Wei met him three years after his death. The messenger saw Bodhidharma left for India with a shoe in his hand. The picture is a portrait of Bodhidharma leaving for India.